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● Chengdu

Chengdu-Hometown of Giant Pandas


Chengdu ,formerly romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which has served as capital of China's Sichuan province. It is one of the three most populous cities in Western China (the other two are Chongqing and Xi'an).he surrounding Chengdu Plain is also known as the "Country of Heaven" and the "Land of Abundance". Its prehistoric settlers included the Sanxingdui culture. Founded by the state of Shu prior to its incorporation into China, Chengdu is unique as a major Chinese settlement that has maintained its name (nearly) unchanged throughout the imperial, republican, and communist eras. It was the capital of Liu Bei's Shu during the Three Kingdoms Era, as well as several other local kingdoms during the Middle Ages. 


Weather

Chengdu weather is mild and humid all year round, featuring four clear-cut seasons – long and warm spring, short and sultry summer, cool and rainy autumn, cold and foggy winter. The distinctive characteristic of Chengdu climate is fog and humidity. There are fewer hours of sunlight per day, and the summer is hotter and the winter is colder than the temperature shows.The best time to pay a visit is March to June with pleasant spring weather.  September to November with the coolness of autumn is also a right time. The rainy season is usually in July and August, with occasional storms.


Attractions

1.Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding

Located just 6 miles (10 km) away from downtown, the Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding has been created and imitated the natural habitat of giant pandas in order that they might have the best possible environment for rearing and breeding. The base cares also for other rare and endangered wild animals with an area of 560 mus (92 acres), 96% of which is verdure. Giant pandas, lesser pandas, black-necked cranes, white storks as well as over 20 species of rare animals are fed and bred there. Verdant bamboo, bright flowers, fresh air, a natural hill scene and a beautiful artificial view are merged ingeniously at the base.

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2.Dujiangyan Irrigation System

Dujiangyan Irrigation System is honored as the 'Treasure of Sichuan', which still plays a crucial role in draining off floodwater, irrigating farms and providing water resources for more than 50 cities in the province.It is the oldest and only surviving no-dam irrigation system in the world; and a wonder in the development of Chinese science. The project consists of three important parts, namely Yuzui, Feishayan and Baopingkou scientifically designed to automatically control the water flow of the rivers from the mountains to the plains throughout the year.

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3.Mount Qingcheng

The Mount Qingcheng can be divided into two parts - the anterior part and the posterior part. The anterior part is the main part of the scenic spot, covering an area approximately 15 square kilometers (about 3706 acres) that possesses alluring natural beauty and an abundance of cultural relics and historic sites. Among them, the Jianfu Palace, the Shangqing Palace, and the Tianshi Cave are some of the most famous destinations which you are bound to be engrossed by.Looking up at Mt. Qingcheng from its foot, you will see that Laojun Pavilion is located on the highest peak, which is known as Pengzu Peak, it is also called Laoxiao Peak, which has an elevation of over 1,260 meters (4,134 feet).

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4.Jiuzhai Valley National Park 

It is said that if there should be wonderlands on the earth, Jiuzhai Valley must be one of them. There is no equal elsewhere that has sceneries and fables of dreamlike eloquence, or natural purities like a fairyland as it.It is a great masterpiece of nature having dreamlike scenery, which combines blue lakes, waterfalls, verdant forests, snow-covered mountains, and the folk customs of the Tibetan and Qiang peoples. Legend has it that long long ago the deity of mountain named Dago had a crush on the goddess Semo, and he gave a mirror that was made from wind and cloud to the goddess. However, the devil appeared and made trouble to Semo. Inadvertently, Semo broke the mirror into 108 pieces, which fell down to the earth and then turned to 108 colorful lakes. 

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Transportation

Air

The city has one airport, the Shuangliu International Airport (CTU), in the southwest of the city. Located about 16 kilometers (10 miles) from the city center, it is the largest aviation hub in central and western China, and aims to form the national aviation hub in mainland China. It has flights to more than 70 domestic cities and over 20 international cities. Frequent one-hour flights are available to Kunming, capital of Yunnan Province. Flights to Xining, capital of Qinghai Province, take about one and a half hours, with two-hour flights available to Lhasa, capital of Tibet. It is convenient to visit the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Spot by air, a 40-minute flight from CTU to Jiuhuang (Jiuzhaigou and Huanglong) Airport with one-way full fare of CNY 980, excluding departure tax and fuel surcharge. Visitors are advised to book flights early for this popular trip. Discounts may be available through hotels or travel agencies.


Train

As the largest railway hub in southwest China, the city has convenient railway transportation. At present, it has three railway stations for passenger transport: Main Railway Station, namely North Railway station, East Railway Station, and South Railway Station. Another passenger railway station, west railway station is now under construction. When completed, the “two principals (north and east railway stations), two assistants (south and west railway stations)” setup of the city's rail transport will be formed and better service passengers.


Long-distance Bus

This city has several main coach stations transfering passengers within or outside Sichuan Province, including General Bus Station (Wugui Bridge Bus Station), Xinnanmen Bus Station (Tourism Bus Center), Chadianzi Bus Station, Airport Bus Station, East Railway Station Bus Station, Beimen (North Gate) Bus Station, and Wukuaishi Bus Station.


Metro

Metro StationCurrently, only Chengdu metro line 1, line 2, line 3 and line 4 are in operation, while line 5 and line 7 are under construction. Passengers can take line 1 from Shengxian Lake to Guangdu via North Railway Station, Tianfu Square, Sichuan Gymnasium, South Railway Station, Jincheng Plaza and other places in the city. Line 2 can take travelers to Chadianzi Bus Station, People's Park, Chunxi Road, East Railway Station, Institute of Public Administration and other areas. Line 3 runs between Taipingyuan and Military General Hospital, passing Chunxi Road, Chengdu Zoo, Xinnanmen Bus Station and Zhaojue Temple. Line 4 connects Xihe and Wansheng, passing some popular scenic areas like Wide and Narrow Alley, Sichuan Museum and Cultural Park. According to the short-term plan, the city plans to build 11 metro lines around the city which would make the subway transport easily accessible to the city's major distribution centers.


Sightseeing Bus

Travels non-stop and directly to attraction sites, sightseeing bus saves travelers, especially independent travelers a lot of time. Although different from those of other cities and mostly sold together with entry ticket to the destination, it is still cheaper than taking taxis. Also, there are free schedules.


Dockless Sharing Bike

Riding a bike can be the best choice for a leisurely city tour. You can find many dockless bikes on the streets of Chengdu. Visitors just need to download bike sharing apps and finish the ID verification procedure to use these bikes. It usually costs CNY 0.5 - 1 for every 30 minutes.


Pedicab

Gathering within the First Ring Road, especially in the city center, the pedicab has been a typical feature of the city. Drivers wear uniforms with identifying cards. The charge starts from CNY 5. You can bargain.


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